MQTT performance methodology using MIMIC MQTT Simulator
Performance of small-scale environments never predicts behavior of
large-scale deployments. But, it is too expensive to setup large numbers
of your MQTT sensors to load test your IoT back-office platform, including
MQTT broker and client applications.
MIMIC MQTT Simulator
, it is simple to create large sensor simulations
(you can run up to 100,000 simulated sensors on a single server)
to verify performance. The methodology is to use MIMIC to simulate a
large environment with synthetic background throughput, then verify
your performance requirements (eg. maximum round-trip delay) either
with a small number of your real-world sensor, or with another MIMIC
setup measuring end-to-end latency. That way you are sure the synthetic
load is not impacting your measurement setup except through the broker.
In the screenshot above we are running 10 sensors with an end-to-end
measuring instrumentation, and the end-to-end delay is graphed in the
bottom graph. It shows minimum, average and maximum delay for messages
from those sensors to a subscriber running in the same MIMIC.
From another MIMIC instance, we keep adding a synthetic load onto the
MQTT broker under test, from 0 to 1000 in steps of 100. The upper graph
shows the size of the background load over the 15 minutes of the test.
Each background load sensor publishes at 1 message per second, so the
throughput is the same as the number of sensors. This is trivial to
change in MIMIC to conform to your real-world expectations.
As you can see, the delay is only slightly increasing over time, except
for 2 notable bumps at 600 and 1000 sensors. It is trivial to repeat the
scenario, and verify that indeed there is a reproduceable problem. You
would never know if you did not do the tests.